Certified & Registered Medical Assistants
RMA and CMA: Similarities and Differences
There is little doubt that Medical Assisting is one of the hottest, fastest growing careers in modern medicine. These talented, dedicated professionals can be found working in clinics, private practices, hospitals, nursing homes, and other healthcare facilities across the country. With the high demands placed on healthcare facilities and the increased regulations and guidelines of the industry, medical assistants are more in demand than ever and the demand is expected to keep growing. If you are considering becoming a medical assistant, you may be wondering if you should choose to become a Certified Medical Assistant (CMA) or a Registered Medical Assistant (RMA). While the two choices share a great deal of similarities, there are also some substantial differences to consider.
Education and Training for RMA and CMA
In some states, medical assistants are not required to have education beyond the high school level, and can receive on-the-job training. However, if you wish to become a CMA or RMA, you will be required to complete a properly accredited training program. Typically, these programs take around a year to complete and include coursework as well as hands-on practical experience. Typically, programs will include training in clinical duties including taking patient histories, drawing and analyzing tissue and fluid samples, taking x-rays, administering medications, assisting in office procedures, filing insurance claims, scheduling appointments, managing inventory, and more. If you plan to become a CMA or RMA, be sure the program you choose is accredited through either the Accrediting Bureau of Health Education Schools (ABHES) or the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP).
RMA and CMA Similarities
The education, training, and job responsibilities of CMAs and RMAs are essentially the same. In addition, the general requirements for each credential are very similar. These requirements include evidence of completing a training program that is either ABHES or CAAHEP accredited, acknowledgement of skills and knowledge by certified coworkers, and eligibility to sit for the examination. While neither credential is required in most states, earning one or the other will help you land better jobs and earn higher salaries than medical assistants with no credentials.
Differences Between the RMA and CMA Credentials
The Registered Medical Assistant credential, or RMA, is offered through the American Medical Technologists (AMT). To qualify for this credential, candidates must meet one of these requirements: recent graduate of an accredited program, recent graduate of a medical program through the United States Armed Forces, five years of experience as a medical assistant, meet requirements for instruction of a medical assistant training program, or prove completion of another approved medical assistant certification. The fee for the examination is $100. Applications and fees should be submitted at least 3-4 weeks prior to the desired testing date. The test includes between 200 and 210 questions over a three-hour time period. General topics of the examination include anatomy and physiology, medical law and ethics, medical terminology, insurance and finance, and clinical medical assisting topics.
The Certified Medical Assistant, or CMA, is offered through the American Association of Medical Assistants (AAMA). In order to attain this credential, candidates must be recent graduates of a properly accredited program with verification of satisfactory program completion, or may be nonrecent graduates of an accredited program with transcripts from the program. The fee for the examination is $125 for members of the AAMA, or $250 for nonmembers. Candidates who meet eligibility requirements may apply and sit for the examination. The test consists of 200 multiple-choice questions and is taken over four 40-minute time periods. General topics of the examination include anatomy and physiology, medical terms and expressions, clinical and administrative procedures, lab procedures, and legal rules and regulations.
Other Differences Between RMA and CMA
Employers across the country recognize both the RMA and the CMA and will show a preference in hiring candidates who have one of these credentials. There are some differences to consider, however. Completing the Certified Medical Assistant examination offered by the AAMA provides you with the title of Certified Medical Assistant. The credential must be renewed every 5 years through continuing education and other requirements. The Registered Medical Assistant certification offered through the AMT is endorsed by the National Commission for Certifying Agencies and can be maintained by paying an annual $50 membership fee.
While both certifications are very similar, many training schools, employers, and state boards see the CMA credential as the ‘gold standard’ for this career field, and medical assistant pay often reflects this. According to Payscale, the average pay for an RMA with between 1-4 years of job experiences is around $26,900 a year. In comparison, the average pay for a CMA with identical experience and training is around $29,950 a year.
Regardless of which credential you choose, getting your medical assistant credential is a great idea. This is one of the fastest growing career fields of today, with an expected 35% increase in open positions in coming years. Considering that medical assistants with credentials will likely have first choice of the best jobs, this step is a necessity for anyone with high career goals.